Insect bites and stings prevention

Insect bites are such frustrating pains that sometimes ends up leaving their mark on you if care is not taken which leaves you with a burning question      “do insects just wake up anytime and decide to be violent?” weird right? But do they?

Because I cannot begin to imagine how insect bites have ruined peoples’ days around the world. A very sad happening that we have little or no control over.

Venomous and non-venomous insects

Insect to look out for that bites can either be venomous or non-venomous. Venomous insect involves wasps, hornets, yellow jackets, all bees and fire ants. While non-venomous insects are; chiggers, ticks, bed bugs, mosquitoes, lice, scabies and fleas.

These insects are not similar in every aspects. While venomous insect stings and cause local reactions like pain, swelling and allergic reactions; non venomous insect bites and cause diseases like malaria and Lyme. Both category cause itching, depending on the individuals system.

In case of an insect bite or sting, it is advisable to not hit the insects on your skin in an attempt to kill it. Rather, blow it away with your mouth or use a blunt object to gently push it away. But never hit an insect against your skin. More details!

What can I do to protect myself from being bitten or stung?

  • First form of prevention is knowing the right thing when bitten or you find an insect on your skin. Do not panic in cases where stinging insects are involved. Move away from the insects quietly. Do not swat them or run away as they may feel threatened and still try to sting you.
  • Do not wear brightly colored clothes, use scented soaps, perfumes or cologne and hair sprays; as these things can attract insects. Avoid these things especially when going hiking in bushy areas or mount climb.
  • When going outdoors (hiking, mount climbing), avoid wearing loose fitted clothes as they tend to trap insects to themselves.
  • It is also advisable to iron clothes before wearing them. Especially when they were spread outside to sun dry them.
  • Avoid keeping dirty dishes and water as they are breeding zones for insects. If you are going to keep dirty dishes, make sure you rinse them of all left over food and stack them properly on the sink. Also, any stale dirty water should be disposed of immediately. Close all dirty bins properly, so that you don’t give these insects any breeding space.
  • Use insect repellants in places that are insect infested. Do not apply too much. Follow instructions on the packaging and adhere strictly to it. If you notice any side reaction to the cream, see a doctor and never use it again. My personal advice is staying away from places that likely to breed insects like still ponds.
  • Insect bite creams and corticosteroid tablets are advisable to use, especially when the damage has been done. The cream is topically applied to reduce itching, while the tablets should be taken after prescriptions by a doctor.

We have experienced painful insect bite at one point or the other in our life. The aforementioned tips to prevent it will go a long way to prevent being bitten. Insect bite cream should be used in case you notice any inflammation. For more information, visit: https://www.eastrivervet.com/does-paracetamol-in-pregnancy-cause-child-behavioral-problems/

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Safe Use of Paracetamol in Children

Pain is common in various injuries and illnesses in children and after having an operation. Your child may need an analgesic medication like paracetamol or ibuprofen, to help reduce or control his pain. Paracetamol for children does not treat the reason for your child’s pain; the medication only relieves the sensation of pain.

It is essential to administer the right dose of medication to relieve pain. Provide the dose that is written on the bottle or package consistent with your child’s weight. Any baby or child who is not well or has moderate to severe pain must be seen by a doctor to detect the reason.

Signs That Your Child Has Pain

Several children can usually tell you that they have pain, though several children may not be able to tell you accurately where their pain is, click here for more information. Younger children can show you that they have pain by:

  • crying or screaming
  • grimacing
  • changes in your eating or sleep patterns
  • becoming quiet and withdrawn
  • Refusing to move or not be comfortable.

Care at Home

When you can’t relieve your child’s pain by comforting him and helping him relax, distracting him or giving a cold compress, providing him pain-relieving medications can help. Paracetamol and ibuprofen can be used for mild to moderate pain in infants older than one month, children, adolescents, and adults. But if too much paracetamol is provided to a child for too long, it can injure the child. Ibuprofen should not be used in children under three months of age or given to children with bleeding disorders.

Safe Use of Paracetamol in Children

If they are under 12 years old, never give aspirin for the pain to your child, unless your doctor recommends it. It can cause a rare but serious illness. Paracetamol or ibuprofen can make your child’s pain less intense and help him feel more comfortable, but none of the medications will cause the cause of the pain to go away. Paracetamol can help your child sleep more easily if he has a painful condition, such as a sore throat, an ear infection, a stomach ache or a broken bone.

Giving Paracetamol

How Much to Give

Paracetamol comes in some different strengths: such as for babies, for young children and for older children. Paracetamol is produced and sold by several different companies, and various brands may have different names.

Always give the dose of paracetamol that is written on the package or bottle consistent with your child’s weight. If your baby is taking any other medication, verify that the medication does not contain paracetamol. Do not give paracetamol more if your child has taken another medication. Checkout https://www.eastrivervet.com/does-paracetamol-do-you-more-harm-than-good/ for does paracetamol do you more harm than good?

How Often Can It Be Given?

Paracetamol for children can be given every 4-6 hours, no more than 4 times in a day. You should take him to see a doctor if you need to give your child paracetamol for more than 48 hours.

Give Your Child Both Paracetamol and Ibuprofen

It is okay to alternate the administration of paracetamol and ibuprofen so that your child’s pain is well controlled, or even give both at the same time. If you do this, it may be easy to unintentionally administer too much medication. Keep a diary of when you administer each dose of paracetamol and ibuprofen so as not to give your child too much medication.

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